Familiants and Name Changes in Kostel/Podivin, 1787 #austria-czech

Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

I wrote yesterday about the article [see footnote] I
had found which listed, in tabular form, the
familiants and name changes in Kostel/Podivin, Moravia
in 1787. The foreword says that the original
manuscript lies in the hiesigen [local] Schlossarchive
{Castle Archive} of the Count of Lichtenstein
[1929/30] - and I assume it means in Lundenburg or
Podivin, as that is given as the location of the
author, Dr Heinrich SCHWENGER. Where is the original
now? I have no idea - either in Brno or Prague or lost
for ever.

The document was signed 3 Nov 1787. As the Toleranz
Patent of Josef II was issued on July 28 1787, the
community in Kostel/Podivin was quite quick in
choosing their names. Signatories were the Landes
Rabbiner - Joseph Gerson Abraham [Chajes]; Samson
AUSTERLITZ, Alteste des Brunner Kreises ]; Thomas
Franz LUDWIG [Amtmann], Abraham DEUTSCHER and Aron
UNGER [both Geschworener - judge/juror] and Henoch
BOHMER [Judenrichter].

This list may also appear in the Hugo Gold compendium
on the Jews and Jewish communities of Moravia - as I
do not have it in front of me, I cannot comment,
however were it in there in full, I think we would
have heard about it before.

This document format may represent the form of the
original familiant lists in Moravia and perhaps
Bohemia also, as all the family is listed including
daughters - no ages are given. Sadly, there is no
annotation about married sons or comments about
family members who have moved away.

The list has 85 families living in 44 houses with
about 300 listed people.

Here are some name changes which maybe of interest.
The familiant no. precedes name - I have also given
the total no. in the family followed by the total
number of sons and daughters in brackets, with sons
first ie [3+1]. The wife in implied. However, if the
numbers do not add up, she must have died.

1. Aron Philip to Aron WEINBERGER 5 [0+3]
2. Hertz Mandl to Emanuel WESELY 6 [3+1]
4. Jakob Moses to Henoch BOHMER 5 [1+3] - wife died?
8. Ephraim Aron to Ephraim MORGENSTERN 4 [1+1]
9. Aron Epraim to Aron MORGENSTERN 3 [0+1]
11. Aron Presburger to Aron UNGER 6 [2+2]
12. Abraham Lobl to Abraham PETERSELKA 5 [2+1]
22. Moses Lomnitz to Moses KONSTANDT 4 [0+2]
23. Konna Mandl to Abidon KONSTANDT 6 [3+1]
24. Mandl Herschl to Emanuel KONSTANDT 2 [0+0]
28. Philip Jakob to Philip TICHY 3 [0+1]
40. Ephraim Jakob to Ephraim BODNER 4 [1+1]
42. Abraham Aron to Abraham DEUTSCHER 4 [0+2]
47. Moses Isak to Moses WEIGEL 3 [1+0]
57. Herschl Isak to Isak WEIGL 4 [1+1]
58. Gabriel Lobl to Gabriel EISINGER 6 [0+4]
61. Markus Lobisch to Markus EISINGER 4 [3+0]
65. Samuel Aron to Samuel PETERSILKA 4 [2+0]
68. Lobl Michl to Juda EISINGER 2 [1+0] - no wife
69. Schaje Joseph to Josias BOCK 2 [0+0]
74. Jakob Tichy to Jakob TICHY [stet] 2 [0+0]
84. Mendl Herschl to Markus BITTNER 2 [0+0]

Other names are:

BAS, BETZISKA, BUCHBINDER, ENGL, FILLINGER, FLEISCHER,
FUTTER, GRUNBAUM, HAUSER, HELLER, HESKI, HIRSCH,
HOCHFELD, HOHENBERGER, HUBER, HUNSER, JELLINEK,
JESERNOWSKY, JOCHTNER, KELLNER, KOHN, KONIG, KRALL,
KUDELARZ, LOW, NEUMANN, PASCHKUS, ROSENBERGER,
ROSENZWEIG, SACHS, SCHICK, SCHLAGTER, SCHULMEISTER,
SCHUSTAK, SIGMUND, SINGER, SPITZ, STRAUSSLER, WEINIG,
WEISS, WITTAL, ZELINKA.

Here, for a change, we see a family actually opting
for the name KOHN - yet one hundred years later their
descendants were probably changing it yet again!

Celia Male [U.K.]

Ref: Die Namesbeilegung der Juden in Kostel im Jahre
1787 p. 116-126 Author: Dr Heinrich SCHWENGER,
Lundenburg; in Zeitschrift fur die Geschichte der
Juden in der Tschechoslowakei - Erstes Jahrgang - Heft
2 - Brunn, 1930

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