Re: Jews living in Moscow #general


In a message dated 9/14/04 regarding the folk origins of names and the name
Moshe, Michael Bernet wrote in part:

<< * Moskowitz is not >from Moscow (where Jews were then not allowed to dwell)
but "son of Moshe." >>

I regret having to dispute the usually knowledgeable Mr. Bernet, but I must
say that by the last quarter of the nineteenth century quite a lot of Jews,
a few of whom were very wealthy, lived in Moscow. The Mayor of Moscow claimed
that there were 120,000, but it is doubtful that there were more than 30,000.
They were mostly petty traders living in a poor district. Many were artisans,
but with wicked cleverness, the official rules were changed as to what persons
could be considered artisans.

I think I once wrote a message to this forum regarding the 1891 horrendous
expulsion of many of these unfortunates. As did the Kishinev pogrom in the
early 20th century, the scale and ferocity of Moscow's midnight expulsion
prompted an outcry >from many nations, including the United States government who
sent Mssrs. Kemp and Webster to investigate it and develop a detailed report
which was submitted to Congress in 1892. (I had the Law School at Indiana
University make me a photocopy of that lengthy report.)

Also, in 1892, Harold Frederic, an American skeptic and journalist who was
raised as a Methodist published a book entitled "The New Exodus" about his
travels throughout Russia and his observations about the unjust treatment of
Jews. As an eyewitnees, he reported many details of that Moscow expulsion. At the
end of his book he appended a list of (only) 88 names of those who had been
expelled, along with the names of the places to which they were sent or
transported. This list had been published by the St. Petersburg Official Messenger on
August 22, 1892 and it was accompanied by the paper's denial that any
cruelties or acts of violence had been perpetrated against the Jews. Some of
Moscow's victims were allowed to stay long enough to sell whatever belongings and
other property they might have accumulated, and attend to a few other affairs,
but many, still in their night attire and some in chains, were driven to
prison, or to the outskirts of the city, or to waiting trains.

I have the 1970 edition of the entirety of Frederic's book as it was
republished by the Arno Press.

Naomi Fatouros (nee FELDMAN)
Bloomington, Indiana
BELKOWSKY,BIELKOWSKY, BILKOWSKI, Odessa,St. Petersburg,Berdichev,
Kiev;ROTHSTEIN, Kremenchug;FRASCH,Kiev;LIBERMAN,Moscow;FELDMAN, Pinsk;
SCHUTZ, RETTIG, WAHL, Shcherets;LEVY, WEIL, Mulhouse; SAS/SASS,Podwolochisk;
RAPOPORT, Tarnopol, Podwolochisk, RADOMYSL?; BEHAM, Salok, Kharkov;

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