Re: Theresienstadt Transports and its Liberation Date #general


Stephen Esrati <stevsta@...>
 

The German Federal Archives (Bundesarchiv, Postfach 45 05 69, 12175
Berlin) has partly resolved conflicts in the data on the deportations of
my grandmother >from Berlin to Theresienstadt and >from Theresienstadt to
Auschwitz. But even those data were flawed, according to Prof. Charlotte
Opfermann. According to an index card furnished on April 27, 1999, by the
Federation of Jewish Communities of the Czech Republic, Jenny Pelz was
deported >from Berlin to Theresienstadt on June 2, 1942, on Transport
I/90/11184. Prof. Opfermann says that designation should be I/90-1184.
The card says she was later sent to Auschwitz on a transport termed
"Ea." The number 1796 follows, and was probably her personal number.
That "Ea" train left Theresienstadt for Auschwitz on May 16, 1944.
On the other hand, Jacov Tzur, a Theresienstadt survivor and a student
at Beit Terin in Israel, said: The registration numbers of Berlin's
Jews in Ghetto Theresienstadt were consecutive >from the first deportee
to the last. Example: if someone had the number 11,184 he was the
11,184th deportee >from Berlin to Theresienstadt.
The letter "I" was the sign of the transports >from Berlin; "II" >from Munich
"III" >from Cologne; "IV" >from Vienna.
The Holocaust and War Victims Tracing and Information Center of the
American Red Cross in Baltimore also said she was deported >from Berlin
to Terezin with the transport number 11184-I/90 on June 2, 1942, and was
then deported to Auschwitz on transport Ea. They based their information
on the Czech index card. Previous information obtained through the
International Search Service in Arolsen, Germany, indicated deportation
from Berlin on March 18, 1943, also on Transport I/90. The correct date,
according to the Bundesarchiv, was March 17, 1943. The Bundesarchiv said the
Gestapo provided 1,200 names aboard this train to the finance authorities,
and sent me one page of that list. (This was a correction of the
Bundesarchiv's previous date in May.)
It gave my grandmother's last address on Bayrischer Platz 5.
My cousin, Irene Hofstein, never believed the 1942 date because our
grandmother tried to avoid deportation by working at Krone, a pressing
company, on Frankfurter Allee for 53 marks a week. The Berliner
Gedenkbuch says she was a forced laborer at Krone.
In March 2000, my cousin was given a printout of the data in the
Berliner Gedenkbuch by the Landesarchiv in Berlin. It said Jenny Pelz
was deported >from Berlin on March 17, 1943, on the fourth train of old
people to Theresienstadt. [Note that my other grandmother, Clara Hirsch,
was on the first transport of Aug. 18, 1942.]
The 1943 date is supported by the date of the last inventory of Jenny
Pelz's property on Feb. 27, 1943.
The May 16, 1944, train to Auschwitz was the second of three sent from
Theresienstadt to the Family Camp in Auschwitz II-Birkenau BIIb. That
train was named "Ea," an entry on the Czech card.
The Family Camp was a sham, put together for the purpose of fooling the
Red Cross delegation that visited Theresienstadt in June 1944. Had the
Red Cross insisted on producing survivors among the deportees, this
could have been arranged. However, no Red Cross request was issued and
so the people in the camp were quickly sent up the chimneys of Auschwitz.
However, the first trains >from Hungary were jamming up Auschwitz's
extermination machinery, and so the people in the Famiy Camp were spared
awhile. According to Danuta Czech's "Auschwitz Chronicle," the people
from the Theresienstadt trains were killed on July 10 and 11.
Data >from the Berliner Gedenkbuch give Jenny Pelz's address before
deportation at Bayrischer Platz 5, Berlin W30, where she lived with the
Aufrecht family. The Gedenkbuch cites the 1939 census as having her
living at Muenchener Strasse 23, Berlin W30, with the Bukofzer family.
This was the address to which she was forced to move >from her previous
apartment on Johann-Georg Street 12, in Wilmersdorf.
The Landesrachiv in Berlin noted the following sources for its information:
Bundesarchiv in Koblenz, the Gedenkbuch; and the Bundesarchiv in Potsdam.
Jenny Pelz's name was added to Adolf Pelz's gravestone in Berlin
Weissensee Cemetery after World War II.

Searchiing for Hirsch (Berlin), Pelz (Berlin), Gruenberg (Schoenlanke),
Gottschalk (Orsoy Kreis Moers)

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