(Netherlands) Dutch Railroad Reckons with Holocaust Shame 75 Years Later

Jan Meisels Allen
 

 

Jews entering Westerbork, a transit camp in the northeastern Netherlands, in 1942. The Dutch national railroad deported about 107,000 Jews to Nazi camps. Only 5,100 survived.  Credit Herinneringscentrum Kamp WesterborkJews entering Westerbork, a transit camp in the northeastern Netherlands, in 1942. The Dutch national railroad deported about 107,000 Jews to Nazi camps. Only 5,100 survived.

 

 

German railroads were an instrumental part in the Nazi machine of transporting Jews and others to the death and work camps of World War ll.  The Dutch railway , Nederlandse Spoorwegen, or N.S. participated in the Nazi scheme, regardless that the Dutch government in exile in London ordered the railway workers to strike—which they did for 8 months. The strike occurred after 107,000 Jewish residents of the Netherlands were already deported, of the 140,who identified themselves as Jews to the extermination camps. Others deported included the Sinti, Roma, gay men and lesbians, disabled and resistance fighters.

 

As reported in the New York Times, a new book, The Dutch Railroad in Wartime, 1939-1945 clarifies the role of the Dutch railways.  The research found 112 Dutch trains went from the Netherlands to nine Nazi camps from June 1942 to August 1944 covering Germany, Austria and Poland.


To read the article and learn more about Dutch railroad complicit actions with the Nazis, see:

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/28/world/europe/ns-dutch-railway-holocaust.html

 

I have no affiliation with the book on the Dutch Railroad and am sharing this information solely for the information of the reader.

 

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 

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