Re: The Pits at Paneriai, Lithuania #general

Eve Line Blum <eve.line.blum@...>

Answering the different recent postings concerning Paneriai
(Lithuania) : the link that may have been the source of a confusion
between Russians and Germans as responsible for the murders in
Paneriai may be the following. When they arrived in Paneriai in 1939,
the Soviets started to build a huge oil warehouse for the nearby
military airfield and they excavated deep pits to use for massive
fuel dumps. The construction wasn't finished as in 1941 the area was
occupied by the Nazis. Between July 1941 and August 1944 Paneriai
became the mass murder site of approximately 100 000 victims. The
executions were carried out by German units of SD and SS with help
from local Lithuanian police unit Ypatingasis Burys. They used these
pits to bury the Jews they killed. There are much information about
the killings in Lithuania in the book written by Alex Faitelson,
entitled "Heroism and Bravery in Lithuania - 1941/1945". It must be
reminded, once more, that 95 % of the Lithuanian Jews were killed
during WWII, mostly with (and because) the help of their Lithuanian
helpers. More than half of the 878 Jews >from France of the
convoy #73, who were sent to the Baltic States in May 1944 (among
whom was my own father) were killed in Lithuania too.
Eve Line Blum-Cherchevsky
Besancon (France)
and also
Cercle de Genealogie Juive (International JGS in Paris)

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