Re: Certificate of Arrival #general

phylliskramer1 <phylliskramer1@...>

Mitch Stone asked about the CofA. The "Certificate of Arrival" is a misnomer,
because this document was not generated at the time of arrival -- it was created
years later by Bureau of Naturalization as a verification of arrival. CofA has
extracted info >from the passenger manifest: name, date, port, and ship name

After June 29, 1911 the INS began to check passenger lists to verify a legal
arrival after 1906 (when the INS was formed); the CofA was then attached to the
Nat'n Petition. The requirement was subsequently waived if the alien had
entered before 6/21 and had resided in the U.S. continuously.

I've heard stories of immigrants "forging" the arrival date/ship, or even
"buying" the name of a date/ship in order to naturalize. One wonders if Mitch's
grandfather chose 1905 as an entry date because he was aware that it would not
be verified.
Happy Hunting!
Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Fla
VP, Education, JewishGen, Inc.,
researching (mostly Galicia):STECHER, TRACHMAN,>from Zmigrod,
Dukla, Krosno KRAMER, BEIM, WISNER >from Jasienica
SCHEINER, KANDEL, SCHIMMEL >from Strzyzow, Dubiecko
LINDNER, EICHEL >from Rohatyn (also Iasi, Romania)

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