No one has yet explained why there so many instances where familiesJews were escaping mid 17th century (1648-1651) pogroms initiated duringfrom Lithuania are found recorded as being born in Germany-in UK census -Lithuania was under Imperial Russia (1795-1914) -
Khmelnitsky Uprising through Lithuania and Poland territory - this period is
known in our history as "Catastrophe".
Litvaks have landed in Hamburg >from were their were expelled and in
Amsterdam amongst the Jewish Portugese colony.
One was of the reasons that Menasseh Ben Israel (Manoel Dias Soeiro) has
petitioned Cromwell for the readmission Jews to England was to move Litvaks