Re: Tavern keepers #general

tbartman <bartmant@...>

In the Polish Lithuanian commonwealth of the 16th and 17th Century and earlier the
rural towns were run by magnates or nobility who welcomed Jews in believing that
they would be useful in terms of economic development and administration. Jews at
that time were largely involved in the marketing and transport of grain to the
West, the collection of fees or taxes, and the production and sale of alcohol and
"tavern keeping". The Jewish tavern keeper (often the Taverns and breweriers were
leased by Jews) became a fixture of the rural landscape. It was primarily but not
by any means exclusively non Jewish peasants who were served, and not infrequently
they would drink themselves into dept to the Jewish tavern keeper. Some of these
places were really lively colorful places to put it somewhat mildly. Sometimes they
were the venue of fights between non Jewish and Jewish "Toughs", particularly on
Mondays. The Christian peasants would come into town to attend church on Sunday and
then frequent the Tavern on Monday. I wouldn't call these places restaurants. So,
tavern keeping became one of the "traditional" Jewish occupations, and in many
locations in the 16th or 17th century more than 50 percent of the Jewish men might
be involved in the production or sale of alcohol. I could go on and on about this
explaining all the changes that occurred later, but hope this gives you some answer
to your question.

Tilford Bartman wrote:

I would appreciate any comments about the fact that there were so many
"tavern keepers" listed in the revision lists.

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