Literacy of Jewish women in the Old Country #general

David Laskin

Hello Genners,
I recently interviewed an elderly aunt who revealed, to my surprise,
that her mother -- my paternal grandmother -- was illiterate. My GM
was born in what is now Poland around 1890 and immigrated to the US in
1924. I found her on the 1930 census, which indicates that she could
read, so I am somewhat dubious about my aunt's assertion. I know that
Jewish girls in the Russian Pale did not receive as much education as
boys, but I had always assumed most (especially those >from middle
class families like my grandmother) were literate. I'd like to hear
what others have to say on this.


David Laskin, Seattle, WA

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