Re: Jewish trades as listed in the 1793 Census #austria-czech
Celia Male <celiamale@...>
Ruth Coman asked about the meaning of various
occupations listed in the 1793 census of Bohemia:
Schnittwarenhandel; Kurzenwarenhandel; Bandehandel
Fleklhandel and Buenkelgehen
Renate McWright has already explained Kurzwaren
as notions or haberdashery ie buttons, thread,
needles, scissors, zippers, eyes and hooks, elastic
bands, safety pins, thimbles, etc.
They had no elastic bands, safety pins and zippers in
the Hausierer's basket in 1793 as they were only
invented in 1845, 1849 and 1913 respectively!
The other items were definitely stocked and may also
have been included under the term "Galanteriewaren".
Schnittwaren - these are cut lengths of cloth sold by
Jewish traders because of restrictions placed on them
by the Christian guilds which forbade Jews to deal in
whole bales - hence the name Schnitt [>from cut].
Bandehandel are ribbons and bows. Ribbons would have
been decorative but must also have been used instead
of elastic! In bed linen, buttons were often sewn onto
lengths of ribbon instead of onto the the fabric
itself. They were also used for religious garments.
Flekl are smaller pieces of cloth and could be rags
ie Fetzen. >from this "Fleklhandel" some of the largest
paper companies in the Hapsburg Empire were founded
[ie BUNZL und BIACH - where Emanuel BIACH [born 1802]
was my gt-gt grandfather!
Buenkel or Binkel - this is a bundle see:
Hence in Binkel or Buenkelgehen; Binkel is a
"hold-all" or carrier, so a Buenkelgeher must be the
same a Hausierer. Perhaps he collected rags etc as
opposed to selling items; the seller might have been
higher up the employment ladder!
The word has a pejorative meaning; I have come across
it recently in the phrase Binkel-Jude re immigration
of unwanted Soviet Jews into Austria. I therefore
refrain >from giving you the url.
Celia Male [UK]