Zywiec Jewish records are identified and located #general


Alexander Sharon
 

Hi,

While reviewing Zywiec and vicinity known as Zywiec Administrative District
(AD) data, to my great surprise I realize that Jews have not be listed as
residents of Zywiec at all in 1900 Austro-Hungarian census, and only 2 (two !)
Jewish people have been registered in the first independent Poland census
of 1921.

On top of it, only two localities within the Zywiec AD: Rajcza and Sucha
(Beskidzka) have been recognized as Jewish towns, and listed in JGFF towns
database. But WOWW Gazetteer and JG info on Zywiec claims 624 Jewish residents.

In In 1626 Polish Queen Constance banned Jews >from settling in her town
Zywiec. This process was known as "Privilegium de non tolerandis Judaeis"
(Privilege of not accepting Jews). This "Privilege" used >from 16th till the end of
18th centuries in some European royal towns, mostly in the Poland - Lithuania
Commonwealth and Austria lands, forbid Jews to reside in such towns or own there
any real estates. It also didn't allow Jews the entry to such towns with exceptions
of dedicated dates, usually related to a market day or a fair.

For this reason Austro-Hungarian 1900 census list zero Jewish residents in
Zywiec and independent Poland first interwar census of 1921 lists in Zywiec
only 2! (two) Jewish residents.

Following attempts by Christian townspeople to expel Jews >from trade and services,
was the establishment of Jewish townships known in Latin as Oppidum Judaeorum. Such
were Jewish townships as Kazimierz near Krakow, Przytyk near Radom, Rozprza near
Piotrkow and similar places near Sambor, Drohobycz, Sniatyn, Jaworow, Rzeszow and
Jaroslaw.

And such near Zywiec was township of not poetic name Zablocie. Zablocie
translates literally >from Polish as "the other side of the swamp".

Thus it was Jewish township Zablocie near Zywiec that had 624 Jewish
residents in 1921 not Zywiec town proper.

Independent Jewish community Zywiec - Zablocie was established in 1864.
Milowka also became as independent kehila in 1891.

Some listed localities have been incorporated as suburbs of Zywiec, but this
is only took place in 1950, since lack of data in archives under Zywiec.

Below is Jewish demographic data for Zywiec Administrative District.

Census for Year 1900 , three Judicial Districts (JD) also known as GB -
Gerichtsbezirk

I Judicial District (JD) Milowka total 569 Jewish residents, including:
Milowka 174
Rajcza 163
Ujsoly 29

II JD Saybusch total 838 Jewish residents, including:
Zablocie 390
Sporysz 99
Jelesnia 106
Isep 75

III JD Slemien, total 371 Jewish residents, including folwark (manor):
Sucha (Beskidzka) 184=20
Slemien 24
Manor 27

Total Zywiec (Saybusch) Jewish residents in acc. with Galicia 1900 census 1,778

First Polish National Census Year 1921

Administrative District (AD) Zywiec
Sucha Beskidzka replaced Slemien but Milowka and Sucha Beskidzka remain a
major Jewish centres:

I .JD Milowka 474 Jews
II JD Sucha Beskidzka 369 Jews
III JD Zywiec 1,061 Jews including 2 Jewish souls registered in town Zywiec

Total Jewish population in acc. with 1921 census 1, 904

Since only kehilat Zablocie was responsible for all up keeping Jewish vital
records of all Zywiec district, probably all records of all other Jewish
communities listed in my email are stored under File # 1297/0 Israelite
Community Zablocie in The National Archives of Krakow

Address:
Archiwum Narodowe w Krakowie
30-960 Krakow, ul. Sienna 16
tel: (12) 422-40-94
fax: (12) 421-35-44
email: sekretariat@archiwum.krakow.pl
http://ank.gov.pl/

File:
1297/Akta stanu cywilnego Gminy Wyznaniowej Izraelickiej w Zablociu

Following records are available without restrictions:

Marriages: 1877-1892, 1894-1904, 1907-1909, 1912
Births: 1900-1902, 1907-1916
Death: 1877-1890, 1897, 1899-1905, 1907-1914

Hope this help,
Alexander Sharon
JGFF editor

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