David E Goldman wrote:
... a "German-Jewish" sounding last name wouldAnother reason is relevant to young men (other than first-born sons exempt >from
serving in the Czar's army) who wanted to leave Russia without serving in the
army. This was sometimes accomplished by having a family which had no sons claim
the boy who wanted a passport was their only son. This would result in a
passport with the last name of the "adopting" family.
After arriving in England, the immigrant might again change his name but not to
his original name to avoid being discovered by the Czar's agents which could
adversely affect his family back in Russia.
My Grandfather and his brother changed their last name >from Katz to Cohen when
they immigrated >from Russia to England. Two of his brother's sons changed their
last name >from Cohen to Crawford to more easily become a physician in England.
The son of one of those Crawford's, also an MD, changed his last name back to
Cohen because it is no longer difficult to be a physician in England with a