Joe Ross <jaross115@...>
There could be many reasons for the disruption that you observe in the
The 1910 through the early 1920s was a time of great disruption in Poland.
In Lodz, the civil authorities went >from Russian to a German occupation
army, and thereafter to an independent Poland. Anyone who wished to avoid
registrations of marriages and births could probably easily do so.
Sometimes the records appear much later than we would expect. My
grandmother's birth registration does not appear in the Piotrkow records
unti 1919, when she was 18 years old. My guess is that she registered her
birth so she could be eligible to legally marry.
As for the marriage registered in 1941, my own family experience is
enlightening. My grandparents already had a two year old daughter when they
registered their 4 year old marriage with the civil authorities in Lodz. The
reason was obvious-they were emigrating to France and needed proof of their
Likewise, my grandfather's older brother registered his marriage in March
1939. At first I thought this was simply a second marriage since he was
already about 45 years old. However, when I saw him along with his wife and
children listed in the Lodz ghetto records, I realized that he had actually
been married for some time. Again, the reason for the late marriage
registration then became clear.He probably intended to emigrate but failed
to do so before the war began.
My guess is that the civil marriage you are referring to was probably
intended to either assist in the emigration of the family, or even to be
certain that food rations and work cards were allocated to the family unit
while in the ghetto.
The interesting question is that if people did not register events until
they absolutely had to, how many such events went unregistered at all? I
know that I have had a great deal of difficulty finding birth and marriage
records for individuals that I know existed at a certain time in a certain
As to the last question, you did not mention the relationship between the
person seeking the declaration of death and the deceased individuals. My
guess is that the declaration had to do with inheritance of some sort. Once
again, in my family's case, my aunt after the war had death certificates
issued in the city of Nice for her parents, both of whom died in Auschwitz.
Nice was the location where they had been arrested.