Re: ArkivDigital Free Access Through November 10 #scandinavia
Jan Meisels Allen gave an important, concise and all in all correct
description of Swedish Jewish history. However, it contains one
controversial piece of information, to use an understatement.
The sentence reads:
"Sweden opened its doors to Jews during WWII and again in 1956 when Jews
were fleeing Hungary and then again when fleeing Communists in 1968."
The beginning of this sentence is to my best understanding much too broad,
when referring to the Swedish government's policy and course of action,
especially leading up to and during the first years of the Second World War.
A historically more accurate statement would in my opinion be:
"In the late 30s, before the onset of the war, Sweden gave very few Jews
permit to enter Sweden. Among those who were accepted were a few hundred
Jewish children who were allowed to enter under the Kindertransport scheme.
During WWII, Sweden opened its doors to all Danish, and some Norwegian Jews.
However, it did not in general allow non-Scandinavian Jews to enter Sweden,
with some exceptions. At the end of the Holocaust Sweden allowed thousands
of survivors to temporarily enter Sweden for rehabilitation.
Eventually, many of the survivors were permitted to settle in Sweden and to
receive citizenship. Later Sweden accepted many Jewish refugees, e.g. in
1956 when Jews were fleeing Hungary and later when Jews fled Communist
regimes, specifically Poland, around 1968."