Conrad Johansson <holmsjon@...>
Concerning Annee Ani's question about possible Bulgarian/Turk/Karelian
origins of Ashkenazi Jews.
Bulgarians were originally a Turkish tribe. The word is related to Volga and
an ancient state on the Volga called "Bulgar".
Karelian, Finns and Turks are Ural-Altaic, and thus linguistically, and
possibly genetically, related.
There existed a Turkish-Jewish empire in southern Russia called the Khazar
empire during the 10th century until it was devastated by vikings.
Costler suggests in "The Thirteenth Tribe" that refugees and other >from the
Khazar took part in shaping East European Jewry.
Ph D student,