The 1910 Tarnopol Jewish Census Project #ukraine


Pamela Weisberger
 

Gesher Galicia proudly announces the completion of the indexing of the
Tarnopol 1910 Jewish Census (Spis ludnosci zydowskiej miasta Tarnopol
1910 r. ) the last official Galician census conducted by the Austrian
government. The data is being proofread and should be uploaded to the
All Galicia Database in early January. Detailed information about the
project and sample annotated images and indices can be found here:

http://www.geshergalicia.org/projects/tarnopol-1910-census/

Although the Austrian Empire - and the Polish government, which
followed after the collapse of the Empire - conducted censuses over an
eighty-two year period, very few original enumerations with names have
survived. Tarnopol, a large city about 128 miles east of Lemberg
(Lwow, Lviv,) attracted residents >from all over Galicia, and even
further afield, so the 1910 census is one of the more important
records of its kind for Galician researchers. Containing almost
14,000 names, it enumerates every Jewish resident living in Tarnopol
in 1910, along with information on people who had moved away
permanently or were studying in other locales, provided by family
members. Entire households are listed together with house numbers,
professions, and ages, with relationships clearly delineated.

Categories and comments covered are:

- old house number
- current street name and address
- place of birth (often district and town)
- gender
- relationships
- when the individual moved to Tarnopol, if not born there
- town and administrative district where registered (or where
relocation occurred - important because often the births of children
from one family could be registered in different places.)
- occupation (Polish with English translation
- listing religious marriages, versus civil marriages in the terms "ritual =
wife"
- disposition of children who were orphans
- details on former residents who had emigrated >from Galicia to other
countries, or were attending schools elsewhere, provided by their
family members who were required to say whether a resident was
"present" or "absent"
- profession or "status," including details like "widow" or "widower"

Researchers will find some women enumerated as "ritual wife,"
clarifying that there was a religious marriage, but that the woman did
not share her husband's surname. (Since no marriage record would be
found for this couple, the census provides proof of the religious
marriage.) Dual surnames are provided for children, along with adults
--heading their own families -- whose parents had not participated in
a civil marriage. In these pages it is common to find people born
elsewhere and moved to Tarnopol, and, conversely, those families who
had already left the city for other countries, so this census should
provide clues as to the migration of your relatives. It lists many
people who "were absent" to "America" or "New York, America." Other
locales where residents moved (sometimes listed as cities, other times
as countries) are: Cologne, Frankfurt, Russia, Germany, Vienna, Lwow,
Prague, London, England, Switzerland, Argentina and Jerusalem.
Original places of birth are >from all over Galicia, as well as towns
in Germany, Romania, Vienna, New York, Kiev, Warsaw district and
Hungary. House numbers are cross-referenced with a street address.

In the "occupation" category, besides the expected entries --including
merchants, tinsmiths, tailors, innkeepers, lawyers, and doctors,
tradesman -- we find "students in Vienna" at seminaries, including
"cesarski krolewski" (imperial-royal; similar to
"kaiserlich-k=F6niglich", k.k.) and children listed as "residents of the
Jewish orphanage." As researchers begin to study this census there are
sure to be more illuminating findings that could be the key to
unlocking a family mystery or discovering relatives previously
unaccounted for and lost to time. Gesher Galica has indexed all
pertinent information >from this census, so the database will be quite
extensive.

Starting with the 1900 census, the birthdate column was expanded to
include year, month and day of birth. Despite this change, the 1910
census is not consistant in this area and often only the year is
given. Taking into account the fact that males wishing to evade
military service military service might have provided inaccaurate
answers, and the fact that some census takers mights have requested
documentation which many Jews would not have, the birthdates provided
should not be regarded as definitive, an attitude most genealogists
are already well aware of. Nevertheless, the listings of place of
birth and districts where one was registered should be of great help
to researchers in determining where a single family might have lived
over many years.

Keep in mind that as recently as ten years ago this census was
inaccessible to researchers. It is a wonderful accomplishment -- not
only that it is now available in searchable form -- but that it can
stand as a testimony to the many Jewish residents of Tarnopol who
perished in the Shoah and whose names are represented in its pages.
Almost 90 percent of the Galician population perished in the
Holocaust, and many of the residents of Tarnopol, which suffered
devastation in both World Wars, are memorialized in this enumeration.

Gesher Galicia will be making the images and Excel files available to
qualified researchers starting in a few weeks, with the database to
follow accessible to all. To learn more details, go to the project
web page. This census project is one facet of our "Galician Archival
Records Project," which can be read about here:
http://www.geshergalicia.org/projects/garp/. If you experience
genealogical success in studying the 1910 Tarnopol Census, please let
us know so we can report on your findings and celebrate them as well.

Pamela Weisberger
President, Gesher Galicia
pweisberger@...
www.geshergalicia.org
http://www.geshergalicia.org/projects/tarnopol-1910-census/

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