A. E. Jordan
Marilyn Levinson said:
I have found all relevant documents except his passenger manifest.
I have searched ancestry.com, Stephen P. Morse one step pages all
ports of entry and Ellis Island databases.
While I am responding to Marilyn's question this is really a general
response for everyone looking for and not finding passenger lists.
First I would ask where did the date you have come from? Be skeptical
because if it is things like naturalization papers unless there was a
certificate of arrival issued the date can be mistaken. So widen the
search beyond the dates. (After the Federal Government took over
managing naturalizations in 1906 they actually got more thorough on
checking the passenger lists to confirm arrival information and that
when COAs come into use.)
Same with ages. If you are trying to search by an age sometimes it
works best to use the younger children as their ages can be more
accurate than the adults. If you are not finding a family sometimes
search only the first name of the infant or minor child with an age
and approximate arrival year.
Someone already said don't assume their American names are what they
used in the old country. Also even if it is the same name use wildcard
searches because spellings can show up differently on the list not to
mention transcription errors.
As for dates there is a book called Morton Allen that shows the ship's
by dates (it is online) or you can search The New York Times which
reported the arrivals and departures of ships in a shipping column.
On Ancestry if you go to the specific search page for the NY passenger
lists on the right there is a way to navigate by date. Then you do not
need to know the name of the ship but instead you go by New York, year,
month, day and you can see all the ships by name that arrived on a
If the Antwerp is correct and it is late 19th or 20th century then it
is usually a ship owned or operated by a firm called Red Star Line.
Shipping was very national in those years so British ships went >from
British ports, Holland-America ships >from the Dutch ports and so on.
So you can narrow the search by researching the ships and figuring out
from what port they sailed.But consider that people also crossed the Channel >from the continent
first to England on a smaller steamer and then across the UK by train
to one of the major western ports and sailed >from there. That was a
fairly common route for people coming >from certain parts of Europe
to the USA.
In 1897 the facilities at Ellis Island were destroyed by fire and all
the passenger records were destroyed. So anything prior to the fire
is actually a replacement and that's why they are less complete.
Until 1900 passengers were again processed at the Barge Office
(also known as Castle Garden) in Lower Manhattan. Castle Garden
has its own database which you can search on line separately >from
Those are some of the basic tricks to searching for arrivals.