Austria-Czech SIG #Austria-Czech Re: Bohemian Jewish census of 1793 #austria-czech

Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

Vera Finberg of Fairfax, Virginia asks about the 1793
Jewish census of Bohemia as mentioned in Ruth Coman's
posting yesterday on Kurzwaren, Schnittwaren which
followed on logically >from my Hausieren posting a few
days ago [nb genealogy of postings!].

re the 1793 census of Jews in Bohemia: I have
mentioned this many, many times in my postings on this
SIG. There was an earlier 1783 Jewish census of
Bohemia as well - and earlier ones too which are
mentioned on our A-C website.

Please search the Austria-Czech website using the
search facility. Enter the word "census" and many
references will appear out of the aether! I am often
surprised how few people use our website and also the
message archives [enter "census" as well!]. They could
answer many of your questions! Simple Internet
searches with keywords also answer many questions.
These can then be followed up by more intensive
research.

I have only been to Prague twice and on the second
trip I visited the State Archives, where I looked at
the original 1783 and 1793 Jewish censuses for Kolin.
This is of course a thrill, but very hard work if you
do not read Old German script and do not recognise the
many archaic words.

The 1793 census of Jews in Bohemia has been
transcribed into modern Roman letters ie German we can
all read easily, and will be issued as a complete opus
in the next year or so. Unfortunately, the text that
accompanies it is only in Czech.

It will eventually cover the complete census - ie all
the 16 Kreis of Bohemia as well as Prague. At present,
four volumes are available >from the State archives in
Prague, covering 13 Kreis.

We are still waiting impatiently for the Klattauer,
Rakonitzer and Tschaslauer Kreis as well as Prague
itself. I also pray that there will be a cumulative
index as it is a very time-consuming business trawling
through the names and villages/towns in the 13
individual indices so far. This opus would be a
perfect candidate for a DVD/CD.

The most powerful approach to Jewish genealogical
research in Bohemia is to compare the 1783 and 1793
Jewish censuses, the BMD record and the Familianten
records all housed in Prague. The 1783 census often
has the original names of the families - as do the
familiant records before the official name changes.
But who has the time and energy? We all started too
late. That is why many people employ a competent
genealogist. Using the 1793 census transcriptions you
can prepare some of the groundwork for this research
yourself.

BTW: the Adler Society in Vienna purchased the four
volumes which can be inspected every Wednesday night,
if you happen to be in Vienna! The Hungarian SIG also
has copious information on censuses which are being
transcribed and which point to the Moravian origin of
many Hungarian Jews.

Celia Male [UK]

PS: to give you an idea of the scope of these volumes,
I proudly present the 1793 census entry for two of my
gt-gt-gt grandfathers: Samuel KOHN of Grossbock [Velka
Bukovina] Koniggratzer Kreis and Juda POPPER of
Kolin [Kaurzimer Kreis]: Samuel KOHN [16] gehoren
in Schutz nach Gradlitz; Feder und Pottaschenhandel;
Weib: Marianna; Tochter: Maria. My gt-gt grandfather
Raphael KOHN had not yet been born. His son Albert
moved to Vienna.

The 16 refers to the fact that he is the 16th family
in the census of Grossbock.

For Juda POPPER the information re his sons says:
erstgeborener sohn Jacob, ledig [ie single];
zweitgeborener sohn: Wolf, ledig etc [my gt-gt
grandfather]; upto the fifth born son and one
daughter. It also includes the two Jewish maids in the
household >from Blinka and Low SINA - the instructor
from Trietsch in Moravia. The five boys and one girl
obviously had private lessons all day >from a strict
teacher, who is perhaps related to another member of
our SIG?

The census thus gives valuable information about
lifestyles and social status too.

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