In response to David Passman's query about Landsmanschaftn, I would like to
refer those interested in the topic to the book by Daniel Soyer "Jewish
Immigrant Associations and American Identity in New York, 1880-1939"
Soyer shows that there was not a full and exclusive connection between place
of origin and membership in a landsmanschaft. 2 major functions of many or
most landsmanschaft were medical insurance and burial services and these
often attracted others who may not have been >from the place of origin but
were close to members of the landsmanschaft.