German SIG #Germany Re: Nazi-era mental institutions in MAINZ #germany
Renate Rosenau <RenateRosenau@...>
Elaine Kahn asked for help confirming the existence of -- and, better,
finding a patients' list for -- a Nazi-era Catholic home/institution/hospital
for the mentally disabled, in Mainz, run by a Dr. Schlosser.
For almost 20 years I have been researching the nazi-politics for mentally
disabled patients for the region of Rheinhessen including Mainz and for the
only Jewish mental hospital "Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Sayn der
Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland", Bendorf-Sayn, near
Koblenz/Rhein, before 1"0 Jacoby'sche Kuranstalt.
A catholic institution for mentally disabled patients did not exist in Mainz
as far as we know. The only catholic institution for the Mainz region was
the Valentinushaus at Kiedrich/Rheingau. Mentally disabled patients of the
Rheinhessen-Province (part of which is Mainz) were concentrated in
specialized public hospitals (Heil- und Pflegeanstalt) in Alzey, some in
Heidesheim, in a department of Mainz university hospital, and in
Philippshospital Goddelau. Some were at a protestant institution at
Jugenheim/Rheinhessen. >from December 1"0 on all Jewish patients had to be
concentrated in the above mentioned "Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Sayn der
Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland", Bendorf-Sayn, >from where they
were deported between March and November 1"2 to killing centres in the east.
1939/1940 "euthanasia" killing centres with gas chambers were built in six
hospitals in Germany, the patients >from Rheinhessen were sent to Hadamar
near Limburg/Lahn. After the gas murder (T4-action) was stopped on August
24, 1941, these six and more institutions continued to murder mentally
disabled patients with poison, hunger, and refusal of care and medical
treatment. When and were the victims died is not easy to find out.
The former six "euthanasia" killing centres were formed into memorial and
research centres and they compiled victims' lists. Unlike the lists of
the shoa victims these lists are not published, but these centres offer a
range of help and research for inquiring relatives. For the above Jewish
mental hospital at Bendorf-Sayn I am doing the research together with a
from the gas-murder period 1940/1941 30 000 patients' files have beenfound after 1990 and listed by the Bundesarchiv Berlin.
To find out your relative's fate you could send an inquiry to:
- GedenkstE4tte Hadamar, MF6nchberg 8, D-65589 Hadamar,
- Bundesarchiv Berlin, Finckensteinallee 63, D 12205 Berlin;
- And I also offer you my help for both the Mainz region and for the Jewish
Mental hospital Bendorf-Sayn; e-mail: RenateRosenau@...
To identify your relative in the lists you should specify the following
personal dates in your inquiry: name, date and place of birth, maiden name,
You are welcome to contact me.
Yours, Renate Rosenau, Alzey, Germany <RenateRosenau@...>