German SIG #Germany Re: Questions about Jewish culture #germany
Christine:toggle quoted messageShow quoted text
You can ask just about anything here. This is a group of people doing
research on German Jews, not a group of German Jews doing research.
Uncle/niece marriage is unusual in my experience, but there's a case of
it in my extended kinship (early 19thC). The only effect I know of and
that crops up with regularity is widespread confusion among later
generations of genealogists; beyond that I don't know where one would
get modern data for such a study. Such marriages are legal in many
places, but probably not widespread anywhere that reliable vital data
across multiple generations can be found. You're right, though: in
terms of kinship/genetic distance, uncle/niece and aunt/nephew marriages
are between sibling and first-cousin marriages.
As to naming conventions: the rule among Ashkenazim (German and Eastern
European Jews) generally pertains only to ancestors. Given the size of
families back then, one would run out of names pretty quickly if one had
to come up with a different one for each member of a set of cousins, for
instance. So someone named Abraham could well have had a nephew with
the same name.
Especially in the period surrounding surname-adoption (i.e., 1790s to
1850s, say) but also before and after, one runs into Jews with Hebrew
names unrelated to their civil names, even if those civil names are
Biblical. For instance, my 3g-gfather Salomon LUSTIG could have named a
son Salomon/Schlomo because his Hebrew name was Nathaniel. (He didn't,
as it happens.) Another 3g-gf, Salomon TROPLOWITZ, had a father who
appeared in many documents as Salomon Jacob T. Only when we found the
elder man's burial record did we discover that his name was actually
Scholim. In both cases, the likeliest explanation is that they chose
civil names that the authorities and neighbors would be familiar with
and would have little trouble spelling or saying. Welcome aboard!
Roger Lustig Princeton, NJ Research co-ordinator, GerSIG
On 8/8/2010 9:46 PM, Christine Crawford-Oppenheimer wrote:
Although my husband's great-grandfather, Leo OPPENHEIMER, was Jewish,