German SIG #Germany AW: Kennkarte Numbers ? #germany

André Günther

Hi Michael,

Unfortunately I found no Emmy, Emmi or Emilie Schmidt in Addressbook
from Berlin of 1939- under the mentioned address....
Regards, Andre Guenther Bavaria andremichael.guenther@...

Michael Marx lexmhmarx@... asked:
In the 1939 Census my grandfather was living in a woman's home in
Berlin, an Emmy Schmidt born 17 April 1898, at Kaiser-Friedrich Str.
80-81 in Charlottenberg. I know nothing about her and have been unable
to find out who she was, but her kennkarte No. 32 62 90 is shown on
the census. Is there a way to find information about her >from this
number? Is there any kind of database where the record of these
kennkartes were kept?
Fritz Neubauer, North Germany fritz.neubauer@... replied:

there was no need for keeping records of issued Kennkarten, because in
addition to the original Kennkarte at least three doubles were filled
in and remained in possession of the authorities, one remained in the
issuing office, one was sent to the birthplace and - in the case of
Jews, whose Kennkarten and doubles had a large Gothic J on the first
page, was sent to the Reichssippenamt (the Reich authority for family
matters). The collection of all these doubles with passport photographs
would have been valuable, had it not disappeared towards the end or
after the end of the war.
In a letter to the Reichskanzlei, dated August 1, 1943, the head of
the Reichssippenamt Dr. Kurt Meyer (suicide on June 8, 1945),
informed about his plans to evacuate the 15 millions of Jewish and
mixed-race cards away >from Berlin to a castle "probably in Moravia".
So far the collection has not surfaced. But more than 6000 doubles
have survived, mainly >from the Mainz/Darmstadt area. 1350 of them
are in the "Zentralarchiv zur Erforschung der Geschichte der Juden
in Deutschland" at the University of Heidelberg. 4689 ended up in
the YIVO collection in New York City, among them also 107 from
Berlin (no Emmy Schmidt!).
As described in the book "Die restlose Erfassung" (Collecting without
restriction), by Goetz Aly and Karl Heinz Roth, Frankfurt/Main:
Fischer, 2000, all the doubles were supposed to be the foundation
for the planned "Volksdatei" which was to be the central register
of all the Germans (including all their skills), all entered on
punch cards. On page 66 it is also described that the Kennkarten
numbers would have run >from A 00001 to Z 99999, i.e. a letter
(usually starting with A), followed by a five-digit number, only
the Berlin numbers had six digits. That fits with the digits above -
only the letter is missing there.

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