Gesher Galicia SIG #Galicia SCHREINER - Drohobycz, Borislav, Stanislawow #galicia
Dear Galitzyaners,toggle quoted messageShow quoted text
I've read with the great interest Jonathan's story about the Schreiners,
especially since he made reference to my old post about the stealing by
Polish pharmacist Ignacy Lukasiewicz Abraham Schreiner's inventions of the
crude oil distillation and the kerosene lamp.
1. Schreiner discovery - a legend or a true story?
All old Boryslawers have heard the story about the Abraham Schreiner's
father discovery of the petroleum paraffin.
This natural hydrocarbon, known popularly as "natural wax" and
scientifically as ozokerite, has been known to humanity since antiquity
since it was used in ancient Egypt for the embalming of mummies. A natural
resource, it is found only in a few places on earth. Alongside the crude oil
exploration, production and refining, ozokerite mining on the production
scale was the second largest industry in Boryslaw.
Reb Schreiner was already involved in the candle manufacture >from the bee
wax, but the new discovery allowed him to extend candle production >from the
Abraham Schreiner (1810-1870) is quoted by several sources as the inventor
of the crude oil distillation. In 1853 he delivered his product (kerosene)
to Mikolasch pharmacy in Lwow where Polish pharmacist assistant Ignacy
Lukasiewicz was employed.
Following Abraham Schreiner visit to the pharmacy two versions of the story
have been developed:
a) Ignacy Lukasiewicz used Schreiner's invention as his own and patented it
(or registered) in 1853.
b) Schreiner became known as the inventor of kerosene and the
founder/pioneer of the petroleum refining industry
On the other hand, published by our Valerie Schatzker historical facts are
disputed Schreiner's claim
Quote: "In 1849 by Dr. Abraham Gesner, a Canadian geologist, produced clear
kerosene >from smelly seep oil"
As I have mentioned, several sources are quoting Schreiner as the inventor
of the crude oil distillation:
1. Leopold Held "Tysmienica Still Flows". This originally unpublished book
has been donated by the author (Boryslaw petroleum engineer) daughter to the
JewishGen and translated already partially under Valerie Schatzker
supervision and editing.
2.I Hirszhaut "Yiddishe naftmagnatn" published by Central Union of the
Polish Jews in Argentine, Buenos Aires 1954.
3. L. Held also quotes Jewish Encyclopedia and German pamphlet distributed
during the Nazi occupation of Boryslaw during WWII (In this pamphlet
Hassidic Jew Schreiner is identified as the folksdeutsch (sic!)
In Hitszhaut book there is a passage about the grandson of Abraham
Schreiner, slave laborer in Drohobycz Refinery during the Nazi occupation.
I have identify his identity as Josef Schreiner, master mechanic, born Oct
This identification became possible thanks to the published very recently
"List of forced laborers in Boryslaw and Drohobycz"
As to Schreiner family moving to Russia, and became known as Shtrejners I
would question this.
Jewish movement was going other direction >from the east to the west not in
reverse. Why Hassidic Galitzyaners have to be invited imperial St Petersburg
is another question. And between names Schreiner and Streiner is a big
difference in their origin.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Marx, Jonathan Schreiner" <John@bermuda-triangle.org>
On my mother's side (Kathryn Schreiner) I am of the family of the Drohobycz