Following announcement of the English translation of Kosow Poleski
(presently Kosava, Belarus), I'd like on this occasion to review the
situation with other towns named Kosow, including places in Galicia.
When one searches the JewishGen Gazetteer for towns named Kosow
(Kossow), a multitude of places with such names are popping up. Towns'
names are associated with the "kos", the common named blackbird
(Turdus merula) in Polish. This bird is tied up to many folk legends and
For example, it was believed in Poland that lightning does not strike a
house in which a blackbird resides. English superstition claims that when
a young girl will see a blackbird on Valentine's Day, she will marry a
pastor. An Irish proverb says: "There'll be white blackbirds before an
unwilling woman ties the knot".
Beside the Kosow Poleski, mentioned earlier, JewishGen recognized
another two other Jewish communities associated with name Kosow.
The largest one is the Jewish community of Kosow in Stanislawow
Province (now town Kosiv in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast') with 2,653
residents listed in 1921, and Kosow Lacki in Ostrow Mazowiecka and
Sokolow Podlaski, Poland vicinity (1,316 Jewish are souls listed in 1921
Forgotten or at least not listed as the established Jewish community is
town Kossow in Czortkow district, of Tarnopol Province in Eastern
Town Kossow had Jewish population of 121 souls (out of total town
residents 2,446 or 5%) according to the 1900 Galicia census. The town's
Jewish population decreased following WWI to 81 souls (1921 Poland
census) out of 2,407 of total population number).
I'm wondering how many folks researching Kossow in the Czortkow
(Tarnopol) region have been automatically redirected to Kosow in
Town is listed in the JewishGen Gazetteer under name Kosov at
4906 2538, 9.5 miles distance NW >from Chortkiv (Czortkow).
Since we are already dealing with Czortkow research, there is another
town missing >from JGFF Jewish communities listings. Town name is
Nagorzanka (currently known as Naguzhanka at 4903 2547), located
within a couple of miles distance >from the established Jewish
communities of Wygnanka and Czortkow.
Nagorzanka had according to the 1900 Galicia census, 99 Jewish
residents, just short one person >from the magic number 100 (8.2 % of
the total number of residents). The number of Jewish residents was
reduced to 51 following WWI (Poland 1921 census).