Randell B. Weiss <rbweiss@...>
On October 11, I wrote:
Can someone tell me in acres or hectares how big a farm is 120I would like to thank all those who responded to my post: Gabor
Hirsch, Ujlaki Gyorgy, Janos Bogardi / Radix, and Georges Graner. Quoting
from some of their replies:Gabor Hirsch wrote: "The Hungarian-English Dictionary >from Orszagh
Miklos defines a "hold" as 0.57 hectars or 1.42 English acres. [So120
hold is about 170 acres.] As the agricultural machines were in that
time practically non-existent, I would imagine that they were full time
[farmers], or even had employes to work the land. Poor peasants had
sometimes 10 or even less hold to live on."
Gyuri Ujlaki added: "I would think that Jews usually had some side
income >from shop, milk farm, palinka [fruit brandy] making, etc."
But I have one question [for Gyuri]: In other parts of Europe like"Most probably yes! In the times of old, fruit harvest tended to happen
in a very short time interval, so then the price for fruits fell. I would
guess that then Jews bought fruit for cheap (otherwise it would have
been left to rot under the tree), then store the over-ripened fruit in big
barrels, until it became a smelly mess (called cefre-pronounced tzefreh).
Than they would used it to boil in special container made of copper,
which has a spiral tube, at the end of which palinka--fruit vodka--already
distilled came out. For a long time making liquer and selling it was a
monopoly of the local landlord, who sold or rented this to the local Jews.
Today palinka is still made home style in many places, although it is a
state monopoly. (Think of bootleg [booze] made in USA during
So this puts a new spin on my research. My forebears weren't just
tavern keepers. One branch owned a large farm and possibly produced
liquor for distribution to taverns.