Ga'bor Hirsch <hirsch@...>
It is difficult to give a proper answer to Rivka Nissim's quuestion.
Person deported to Auschwitz only seldomly remained in there. In
majority in the cases they were distributed to many other camps. (my
mother in September to Stutthof, my girl cousin to Bergen-Belsen, my
cousin to Ravensbruck, I stayed in Auschwitz/Birkenau). Auschwitz itself
was a conglomeration of 39 camps. Auschwitz I the main camp. Auschwitz
II or Birkenau the camp were the Hungarian transports arrived and the
selection on the ramp took place. Auschwitz III with many working camps
like Monowitz or Buna an industrial plant of I.G. Farben.
The evacuation itself started already earlier, in October the BIII or
Mexico subcamp evacuated 12'799 women 961 girl were moved to BII c
subcamp, , block or barracks were dismantled and transferred inside
the "Reich" if I am correct to Bergen-Belsen. The endphase of the
evacuation started on 18. Januar.
"Approximately 65,000 prisoners initially evacuated trom Auschwitz were
sent in more than 130 transports to over ten concentration camps deep
within the Reich. The make up of individual transports are presented in
Appendix XVII. This information, assembled in table form, shows that the
largest percentage of evacuees were sent to KL Buchenwald (later KL
Dora-Mittelbau) and KL Flossenburg. Over 11,000 people were deported
from Auschwitz to each of these camps. Large groups were also sent toBergen-Belsen (over 3,700), Dachau (over 6,000), Gross-Rosen (at least
4,000), Mauthausen (almost 6,000), Natzweiler (around 3,500),
Ravensbruck (over 9,000), Sachsenhausen (around 2,200) and Neuengamme
(at least 750).
It has not been possible to establish the destinations of all the
transports evacuated >from Auschwitz, therefore the above mentioned
figures are only approximate and in some cases definitely lower than
they should be. The figure of 4,000 for prisoners sent in over 15
transports to Gross-Rosen seems to be particularly low."
The above lines are >from Andrzej Strzelecki's book "The evacuation,
dismantling and liberation of KL Auschwitz". In the various camps about
7000 inmates were liberated by the 60th. Army of the 1st. Ukrainan
Front commanded by General Pawel Kurozkin on the 27. January 1945.
The majority of the inmates were ill and weak and had to be treated, a
few were strong enough to start the journey home. A friend, 12 year old
twins of >from Hajduboszormeny, my uncle etc. so there was some chance to
return home and possible the other way too. The majority like me, were
taken to different places, in an earlier mail I listed several camps
(Hirek az elhurcoltakrol) were liberated inmates of different camps
waited several month for transports back home. (I returned Sept, 7 month
According my experiance, the most promising way was inquiery by the ITS
(International Tracing Service) a Red Cross organisation in Arolsen were
they collected and still collect information >from camps etc. of
deportees, prisoner of war, DP-s etc. It was in my mother's case more
effective as Yad Vashem.
International Tracing Service
Grosse Allee 5-9
Holocaust and War Victims Tracing and Information Center
4700 Mount Hope Drive
Baltimore, MD 21215-3231
David Deutsch schrieb: