Maximilian Joseph WOLFF arrived in Gravesend 8/9/1810 from Pillau #germany

Jan Bousse <janbousse@...>

Dear Listers,
The above voyage prompts me to ask questions about the conditions and
circumstances of this voyage and about he man Wolff. The arrival was found
at the National Archives in Kew, the details are that Maximilian Joseph
WOLFF came per Hamburg vessel Irene, >from Pillau, a native of Prussia,
merchant's clerk. I know that Pillau was the main harbour of Koenigsberg, it
was in Prussia, later East-Prussia, now Russia. I read that the French
besieged Pillau in 1807 and that the Prussian authority was restored in 1812
or 1813. My first question is, was Pillau and/or Koenigsberg in 1810 under
French regime? Connected with that, what was the status of Jews in
Koenigsberg/Pillau in the period of 1807 to 1810?

Would it have been easier for a Jewish man >from the Kurmark to adopt a
different name, before the year 1812, when it became mandatory to adopt a
fixed surname in that part of Prussia? I know that these regulations
differed >from area to area, so I am not categorical about this. Do you know
of any records surviving >from that time about shipping, passengers,
addresses, Jewish schools? My suggestion is that the said Wolff was perhaps
Marcus, son of Joseph Jonas, born in Liebenwalde around 1788. He is listed
in the Judenliste for Liebenwalde up to 1809, that year with the remark
"abs.". It seems possible that he left his home town around 1808, possibly
to study or train in Koenigsberg, then departed for England in 1810. A year
later, in 1811, he continued his voyage to Jamaica, where he worked for a number
of years as the attorney for his uncle Henry CERF, a large plantation owner.

Any help or suggestion would be greatly appreciated.

Jan BOUSSE, Oostende, Belgium

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