Czech 1930 census #austria-czech


A question on the Jewishgen discussion group asked about the 1930 Czech census. This was an extremely
important census as it had important ramifications after the war. One had a choice of indicating Czech or
German nationality in a country where many citizens felt closer to German Czech roots than strictly Czech
roots. To quote a cousin:"My parents were German, what else, not Hungarian or Italian, but German. They
talked in German, but nothing about Austria, although it was close. They had gone to Austria once on an
outing, but didn't feel like citizens of Austria. They were citizens of Czechoslovakia, Germans." His mother
was born Jewish but converted in order to marry his father whose employer would not allow his employees
to be Jewish or have Jewish family members.

In 1945 or 1946, Czechoslovakia decided to expel all who had written German as their nationality on the
1930 census. One exception was if you had actively worked against the Nazi's or been jailed by them [work
or concentration camp]. This caused great difficulties for many citizens and also caused splits in families
because some members had written German and some Czech on the 1930 census.

I have no information on obtaining the census.

Vera Finberg
Fairfax, VA

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