In the context of Jewish vital records a "Gemeindediener" is most likely
to be a beadle or shammes or some other employee of the *Jewish* community.
Yes, a "Scharfrichter" is an executioner.
"Hirten" is the possessive of "Hirt", i.e., shepherd. Similarly,
"Praezeptor", "Postillion", "Partikulier".
"Arme" is probably the feminine singular: a poor woman. Best,
Roger Lustig Princeton, NJ USA Research coordinator, GerSIG