Bakers in Bohemia and Moravia - Hodonin matzos remembered #austria-czech

Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

What a surprise - my posting on Agriculture and Plant
breeding in Moravia has paid dividends. We have not
had weighty replies on genetically-modified crops or
relatives who helped Mendel sort out his sweet peas in
Brunn but instead Rick Glaser [Maryland] has "met" a
SIG member [nonagenarian Dr Hans Weigl in Israel] who
actually remembers eating Rick's gt-grandfather,
Bernard GLASER's matzos. Bernard ran a store in
Hodonin, Moravia and is now miraculously immortalised
on Jewishgen through his ephemeral matzos. This is one
of the unexpected joys of internet genealogy.

Hans writes to me: at those times, matzos were round
[20 cm diameter], supplied in big brown kraft-paper
bags abt. 60 x 25cms. The top and the bottom of the
bags were glued with big white labels, bearing the
particulars of the baker's. The matzos themselves were
much thinner than the Polish ones, which were imported
in smaller quadratic boxes 15 x 15 cm. GLASER's
matzos [as well as KESSLER's >from Brunn/Brno]
were round, like pitas. Those were the two brands I
remember. BTW Hans also knows an 89 yr old
GLASER cousin in Israel.

In Moravia, the Jews congregated in larger "urban"
communities - sadly I have never seen a Moravian
census, but imagine that there would be far more
bakers than in Bohemia.

I have studied much of the 1793 census of Bohemia and
there are very few bakers except in the larger
communities. Kalledey [Budweiser Kreis]; Nachod
[Koniggratzer Kreis] and Wottitz [Berauner Kreis] with
69, 50 and 44 households resp. had not a single
Jewish baker.

In Kolin [Kaurimer Kreis], with 226 households we find
Moises GOLDBERG no doubt assisted in the bakery
by wife Anna, sons Salamon, Jonas, Benedict, Lazarus,
and daughter Judit; he had one competitor in Isaac
HAMMERSCHLAG, who also had an army of family helpers,
inc. wife Katherine, sons Juda, Marcus, Isias, Enoch
and daughters Libuscha, Rosie and Maria. The 86
households in Eidlitz Stadt [Saatzer Kries] obtained
their bread >from two widows - Anna MAYER and
Zierl KUH.

In smaller Toplitz [Leitmeritzer Kreis] - 81
households and Kuttenplan Markt [Pilsner Kreis] with
only 41 households we find one baker in each: Elias
WEINER with one son and five daughters [Toplitz];
widower Michl ECKHAUS and two daughters [Kuttenplan].

And if you were one of the 71 Schutzjuden households
living under benign Count Sporck's protection in
Hermanuv Mestec [Chrudimer Kreis] you would buy your
bread >from Ester LUSTIG - a widow.

A pattern is emerging - there was little commercial
incentive to be a baker in villages of less than 40
households in Bohemia of 1793.

Celia Male [UK]

PS: see
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/bolekhov/bol071.html
for home-baking of matzos in the Ukraine. This scene
might have been reproduced in Bohemia and Moravia too.

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