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The STIEGLITZ and MARC(US) families were court Jews in Waldeck, not
Hessen. (It's just to the west of Kassel, but was an independent
principality until after WW I.)
"Hessian" when applied to the German mercenaries who fought on the
British side in the American War of Independence is something of an
umbrella term. Waldeck, which financed a lot of its operations via
mercenaries, sent a regiment or two. But Jacob CALNEK was not among
them. He served a regiment >from Ansbach in Bavaria, which was at that
time ruled by the Hohenzollern but not (yet) united with
Both the STIEGLITZ and MARC families converted and had famous
offspring. The STIEGLITZes became court bankers to the Czar; and among
the MARC descendants was the painter Franz MARC.
By the way, Waldeck had a 3rd family of court Jews, who later also
converted. Their name? WITTGENSTEIN. Yes, *those* WITTGENSTEINs.
Roger Lustig Princeton, NJ USA Research coordinator, GerSIG
On 8/18/2013 Irene Newhouse <email@example.com> wrote:
I have posted on ViewMate scans of a letter sent in 1816 by Carl (Abraham) Caspary of Berlin
to his brother-in-law Jacob CALNEK in Nova Scotia. Other family members mentions are
Drs. WOLFF and STIEGLITZ.
Most of the letter has been transcribed & translated, but there are some problem sections,
due not only to penmanship, but the ink bleeding through >from the other side of the page.
I would greatly appreciate help in decoding the parts outlined in red. The URLs are:
The sisters whom the men married are descendants of Rabbi Isaac HAMELN/GOLDSCHMIDT,
brother of Glueckel of Hameln's first husband Chaim. The STIEGLITZ and MARCUS families
were inter-related families who financed the court of Hesse, source of the Hessian mercenaries
who fought for the British during the American Revolution. Jacob CALNEK, the only member of
the family to assume that surname, seems to have accompanied the Hessian troops in a financial
capacity. I speculate that the Landgrave of Hesse wanted someone he trusted to oversee the
troops' expenditures while abroad, in order to protect his profit >from the deal. At the end of
the Revolution, the cash-strapped British government offered mercenaries land in Canada in
lieu of pay. Jacob CALNEK accepted the offer, although it was tied to his conversion to
Christianity. His wife & children came over >from Berlin, and the family became one of the
founding families of Annapolis County, Nova Scotia.