JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Jewish tax collection in the Pale in the 19th century #general


Aida R. <atedege@...>
 

Roger Lustig <julierog@...>wrote:
Date: Wed, 20 Sep 2006 22:29:45 -0400
Subject: Re: question on taxing Jews
What country would this have been? (Either the one
in the discussion or the one where your friend's
uncle was--preferably both.And when?

=====I think that the period and the region to which
Joy Weaver was referring to a few digests ago
regarding her uncle and the box-tax, are respectively
the last quarter of the 19th century and the Polesie
region of the Grodno Gubernya.
=====The Russian Tsar had his many and varied Jewish
taxes (the “korobke”, and indirect "box" tax on kosher
meat and other products, the candle tax, and many
others) collected through the "otkup" system: wealthy
private individuals of the Jewish community acted as
His agents and they did this for a fixed fee plus
being allowed to keep any amount exceeding a certain
estimate sum.
=====Some of these rich Jewish "tax farmers" used
their power and position to raise the price of kosher
meat and other basic products and thereby caused great
additional hardship to the many poor and interminable
conflicts in the community at large.
I hope this answers in part Joy's query.
Aida Rauch [Belgium]

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