JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: How long from the Ukraine to Rotterdam in 1906? #general
Allan Jordan wrote
My great grandmother with her children left the central Ukraine -- >from theTransportation was obviously accomplished by the railroad. There is for
orientation a link to the Russian Empire European part of railroad system at the
beginning of 20th century. http://1520mm.ru/intl/soft/files/2010/12/mapsross.jpg
As you can see system was already very well developed at the time of 1906
immigration of your ancestors. Immigrants >from the Baltic region (Lithuania,
Latvia, Estonia) and Belarus were travelling via Warsaw and Berlin, and >from
Eastern Ukraine via Galicia territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
To see detailed map of the modern Ukrainian railroads please visit this clickable
map. Please note that 80% of the current railroad system was already constructed
prior to WWI. http://www.railway.te.ua/map_all.htm
To calculate exact timing for the travel, one can actually check timetable for the
current travelling time, it did not change too much, probably 24 hours trip was
needed to complete the trip.
Railway cars were available in three classes, 1st, the most expensive 'soft class',
2nd, 'an intermediate's and 3rd, an 'economical'. For example tickets for travel
between Moscow and St Petersburg for a distance of 604 km cost in rubles: R16.00,
R9.60 and R6.40 for classes 1,2 and 3. (You can recalculate price for in Rubles per
1 km for the travelling distance >from Ukraine to Hamburg)
Again, for the orientation, there some wages for laborers in Russia at the
beginning of 20th century (Rubles/per month)Unskilled laborers: 20 - 35), highly
skilled laborers: 50-100, elementary school teacher: 25, feldsher: 37-55.
Those costs for the railway and for the steamer for their families were delivered
by fathers working hard in America. It took sometimes a few years to save money to
cover family trip to the States.
During travel nonperishable food was taken by passengers: kasha, boiled chicken and
eggs, bread, probably some local fruits and vegetables. Hot water and tea on the
train was available >from the conductor's samovar .