Genealo-J, publication of the Jewish Genealogical Society of France,
Issue 121, Spring 2014 has just been published.
This issue contains genealogies >from Alsace, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia,
Germany, Switzerland, Russia, and Poland which proves how diverse are
the French Jews.
The first paper deals with the painter Francis Harburger (1905-1998) and
is written by his daughter Sylvie. Harburger is born in Oran (Algeria).
The name Harburger comes >from the Bavarian village Harburg that his
ancestors left in the middle of the 18th century first to Mühringen
(Bade-Wurtenberg) then to Soultz-sous-Forets in Alsace and finally to
Algeria around 1860. Francis’ mother Celestine Aboulker belongs to a
well-known Algerian family. Several women of this family were painters
or writers, among the first ones in Algeria. Francis Harburger painted
around 1600 works but many of them were stolen by the Nazis during WW2.
A paper by Georges Weill is devoted to Russian Jewish and socialist
physicians and lawyers in Geneva in the 20th century. Doctor Boris
Tschlenoff and the Dicker and Daïnow families were part of the Russian
Jewish students who went to Switzerland >from the 1880s onward to embark
upon university studies. Very popular for their human qualities, they
left their mark in odontology, medicine, law, chemistry, teaching, or
literature, where they often built a brilliant career. Basing on the
family tree, this article tries to trace their private, professional and
political paths, sometimes dramatic, between the Russian pogroms, the
anti-Semitism of the Swiss extreme-right party, the nazi massacres, the
persecutions of the Nationalists in Spain or the anti-Jewish laws of the
The Kosciusko-Morizet family is well known in France. Recently Nathalie
Kosciusko-Morizet, or NKM as she is often dubbed, was several times a
minister and tried unsuccessfully in 2014 to become mayor of Paris.
Although they sometimes claim to be related to the famous Polish patriot
Jozef Toma Kosciuszko (1743-1789), this claim is unfounded : the patriot
was a catholic whereas, as shown here by Max Plonovski, the ancestor of
NKM was a Jew >from Suwalki, formerly in Lithuania and now in Poland.
They settled in Paris in 1846, were cap makers in the Jewish quarter of
Paris, shed their blood for France during WW1, were resistant fighters
during WW2 and reached high political functions after the war.
Inès Charfeddine studied Tunisian rabbinical notary records (1865-1969)
written in the Judeo-Arabic 'maalaq' script kept in the Tunisian
National Archives. 305 records are presented here. They
come >from Jewish notaries of different cities, rabbinical registers and
commercial accounts. Their systematic scrutiny and counting will help to
know better the Tunisian Jewish minority during the
century before their ultimate departure.
Mathilde Tagger passed away on December 27, 2014. Her life and
considerable devotion to Jewish genealogy are recalled by Jeff Malka.
Just before her death she sent a paper which provides the list of
printed and manuscript sources that allow us to reconstruct the
rabbinical genealogies in Morocco.
Georges Graner (Paris-France)