By 1914 my gr-grandfather Abraham Schoenholz of Zalesczcyki in Galicia
had sent all of his children to America. He and his second wife were not
able to leave until 1921.
I was told the following by Abraham's grandson, who was told it
by his mother (Abraham's daughter). I wrote it down word-for-word as the
grandson was talking.
In 1916 Abraham and a group of people in Zaleszczyki were going
to travel together to get a ship and go to America.
On the day they were leaving, Abraham and his wife got to the bridge
when he remembered that he promised a widow who had a disabled child
that when he left he would take them with him. He turned his wagon
around and went back to get them. By the time they got back to the
bridge the Russians had destroyed it, so they couldn't leave.
He hid in the woods >from the Russians and was found by the army and
drafted on the spot, even though he had served in the army years earlier
when he took the place of his married brother.
Since Abraham lived in Zaleszczyki, he most likely served in the
Austrian Army earlier when he took his brother's place. He was born about 1860
and his oldest child was born about 1885. So the earlier army service would
have ended a couple of years before 1885.
I searched military records for Austria at the Family History Library in
Salt Lake City. They all seem to be for officers only and I couldn't
find him in those records.
Are there any records of men taking the place of someone else in the
Could he possibly have been drafted into the Russian Army? Are there
The grandson is no longer available for clarification of the story.
Thank you for your guidance and suggestions.