Following announcement of the English translation of Kosow Poleski (presently
Kosava, Belarus), I'd like on this occasion review the situation with other
Kosow named towns, including places in Galicia.
When one searches JG Gazetteer for towns named Kosow (Kossow), a multitude of
places with such names are popping up. Towns names are associated with the
"kos", the common named blackbird (Turdus merula) in Polish. Bird is tied up
to many folks legends and superstitions.
For example, it was believed in Poland that lightning does not strike the
house in which blackbird resides.
English superstition claims that when a young girl on Valentine's Day will
see a blackbird, she will marry a pastor. Irish proverb says: "There'll be
white blackbirds before an unwilling woman ties the knot".
Beside the Kosow Poleski, mentioned earlier, JewishGen recognized another
two other Jewish communities associated with name Kosow.
The largest one is Jewish community of Kosow in Stanislawow Province (now
town Kosiv in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast') with 2,653 residents listed in 1921,
and Kosow Lacki in Ostrow Mazowiecka and Sokolow Podlaski, Poland vicinity
(1,316 Jewish are souls listed in 1921 census).
Forgotten or at least not listed as the established Jewish community is town
Kossow in Czortkow district, of Tarnopol Province in Eastern Galicia.
Town Kossow had Jewish population of 121 souls (out of total town residents
2,446 or 5%) according to 1900 Galicia census. Jewish town's population has
decreased following WWI to 81 souls (1921 Poland census) out of 2,407 of
total population number).
I'm wondering how many folks researching Kossow in Czortkow (Tarnopol) region
have been automatically redirected to Kosow in Stanislawow Province.
Town is listed in JG Gazetteer under name Kosov at 4906 2538, 9.5 miles
distance NW >from Chortkiv (Czortkow).
Since we are already dealing with Czortkow research, there is another town
missing >from JGFF Jewish communities listings
Town name is Nagorzanka (currently known as Naguzhanka at 4903 2547), located
within couple of miles distance >from the established Jewish communities of
Wygnanka and Czortkow.
Nagorzanka had according to 1900 Galicia census, 99 Jewish residents, just
short one person >from the magic number 100 (8.2 % of the total number of
residents). Number of Jewish resident has been reduced to 51 following WWI
(Poland 1921 census).