JRI Poland #Poland Przemysl Cadastral Map 1942 on the Gesher Galicia Map Room #poland

Jay Osborn <jay.osborn@...>

Yes, the subject line says 1942... when Przemysl was under wartime
German occupation. We've just posted to the Gesher Galicia Map Room a
rare example of a property (cadastral) survey map produced during
World War II:


It's a complete, single-color lithographed map of the entire city of
Przemysl with surrounding suburbs, based on a pre-war Polish cadastral
survey; analysis by Gesher Galicia of features of this and other maps
brackets that earlier Polish survey between 1928 and 1939 (when
bridges and synagogues were destroyed); some clues suggest it may
predate 1935. New elements of the city appearing after the Austrian
1852 cadastral map include the "New" or Scheinbach synagogue, the new
Jewish cemetery, the Jewish hospital, and a Jewish high school.

Roughly 80 years after the 1852 survey, by the 1930s the city had
grown and developed significantly, but the layout of the city center
remained largely the same. Surprisingly, no new parcel and building
number scheme had been introduced, although many parcels had been
split, joined, or changed, and many new buildings were built on empty
land or replacing older structures. Comparison with the 19th-century
cadastral map is striking:


For example, the new Jewish cemetery is numbered #675/1 in 1942; in
1852, there was no cemetery but parcel #675 is one of the farm fields
in the same location. This type of numbering continuity is very
unusual over such a long span of years.

It's important to note that these building and parcel numbers are for
tax identification, not street addresses like postal locations. For
much of the Galician period, cadastral numbers served as the only
location identifier, so house numbers on older vital records and other
documents can be directly correlated to buildings and/or parcels on
the early maps. In many towns such as Przemysl, eventually street
addresses replaced property numbers as the primary location identifier
in most records, except for property records; this is similar to the
separation of street addresses and parcel numbers in many parts of the
US today. However, in some smaller villages throughout the former
Austrian Empire, original cadastral house numbers persist today as the
only building identifier for postal and other purposes.

Because the 1852 and pre-war land surveys were so detailed, often it
is possible to correlate later building street addresses to specific
outlines on the earlier maps. Two historical street maps of Przemysl
are viewable in the excellent digital urban maps database of the Lviv
Center for Urban History of East Central Europe, >from 1907 and 1937:


and of course you can use several online maps (Google, Bing, etc.) to
correlate the buildings on our cadastral maps to modern street
addresses; the online map at OpenStreetMap.org is especially useful
for that.

We hope you enjoy viewing and using this rare wartime cadastral map as
an important link between Austrian Galicia and modern Poland.

Images for this 1942 map were provided to Gesher Galicia by the
Archiwum Panstwowe w Rzeszowie:

The GG Map Room home page: http://maps.geshergalicia.org/

Jay Osborn
Gesher Galicia Map Room Coordinator
Warsaw, Poland

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