JRI Poland #Poland Zywiec, Poland Jewish Vital Records have been identified and located #poland


Alexander Sharon
 

Hi,

While reviewing Zywiec and vicinity known as Zywiec Administrative
District (AD) data, to my great surprise I realize that Jews have not
been listed as residents of Zywiec at all in 1900 Austro-Hungarian census,
and only 2 (two !) Jewish people have been registered in the first
independent Poland census of 1921.

On top of it, only two localities within the Zywiec AD: Rajcza and Sucha
(Beskidzka) have been recognized as Jewish towns, and listed in JGFF
towns database.
But WOWW Gazetteer and JG info on Zywiec claims 624 Jewish residents.

In In 1626 Polish Queen Constance banned Jews >from settling in her town
Zywiec. This process was known as "Privilegium de non tolerandis
Judaeis" (Privilege of not accepting Jews).
This "Privilege," used >from 16th till the end of 18th centuries in
some European royal towns, mostly in the Poland - Lithuania
Commonwealth and Austria lands, forbid Jews to reside in such towns or
own there any real estates. It also didn't allow Jews the entry
to such towns with exceptions of dedicated dates, usually related to a
market day or a fair.

For this reason Austro-Hungarian 1900 census list ZERO Jewish residents
in Zywiec and independent Poland first interwar census of 1921 lists in
Zywiec only 2! (two) Jewish residents.

Following attempts by Christian townspeople to expel Jews >from trade and
services, was the establishment of Jewish townships known in Latin as
Oppidum Judaeorum.
Such were Jewish townships as Kazimierz near Krakow, Przytyk near Radom,
Rozprza near Piotrkow and similar places near Sambor, Drohobycz,
Sniatyn, Jaworow, Rzeszow and Jaroslaw.

And such near Zywiec was township of not poetic name ZABLOCIE. Zablocie
translates literally >from Polish as "the other side of the swamp".
There several places in Poland and in Ukraine, and Belarus by such names.
Thus it was Jewish township Zablocie near Zywiec that had 624 Jewish
residents - 1921 not Zywiec town proper.

Independent Jewish community Zywiec - Zablocie was established in 1864.
Milowka also became as independent kehila in 1891.

Some listed localities have been incorporated as suburbs of Zywiec, but
this is only took place in 1950, since lack of data in archives under
Zywiec.

Below is Jewish demographic data for Zywiec Administrative District.


Census for Year 1900 , three Judicial Districts (JD) also known as
- Gerichtsbezirk

I Judicial District (JD) Milowka total 569 Jewish residents including:
Milowka 174
Rajcza 163
Ujsoly 29

II JD Saybusch total 838 Jewish residents, including:
Zablocie 390
Sporysz 99
Jelesnia 106
Isep 75

III JD Slemien, total 371 Jewish residents, including folwark (manor):
Sucha (Beskidzka) 184
Slemien 24
Manor 27

Total Zywiec (Saybusch) Jewish residents in acc. with Galicia 1900
census 1,778
-------------------------------------------------------------------------=
------------------------------------------

First Polish National Census Year 1921

Administrative District (AD) Zywiec
Sucha Beskidzka replaced Slemien but Milowka and Sucha Beskidzka remain
a major Jewish centres:

I .JD Milowka 474 Jews
II JD Sucha Beskidzka 369 Jews
III JD Zywiec 1,061 Jews including 2 Jewish souls registered in town
Zywiec

Total Jewish population in acc. with 1921 census 1, 904
________________________________________________________
Since only kehilat Zablocie was responsible for all upkeeping Jewish
vital records of all Zywiec district, probably all records of all other
Jewish communities listed in my email are stored under File # 1297/0
Israelite Community Zablocie in The National Archives of Krakow

Address:

Archiwum Narodowe w Krakowie
30-960 Krakow, ul. Sienna 16
tel: (12) 422-40-94
fax: (12) 421-35-44
email: sekretariat@archiwum.krakow.pl
http://ank.gov.pl/


1297/0 Akta stanu cywilnego Gminy Wyznaniowej Izraelickiej w
Zablociu



Following records are available without restrictions:

Marriages: 1877-1892, 1894-1904, 1907-1909, 1912
Births: 1900-1902, 1907-1916
Death: 1877-1890, 1897, 1899-1905, 1907-1914


Since only Rajcza and Sucha Beskidzka are presently recognized and
listed in JewishGen Gazeteer, please let me know, what of your locality
should we add to JGFF towns data.

Hope this helps,

Alexander Sharon
JGFF editor

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