Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Internal Passports in Vilna #lithuania

Howard Margol

<< From: Aryeh Lopiansky
Why did living in Vilna require an Internal Passport? I am under the
impression that only Lithuania post WW I required IP, and not Poland. Vilna
was then under Polish rule.

Aryeh Lopiansky
An explanation would require historical research and not genealogical
research, so I cannot give an informed answer to your question.

When Lithuania became an independent country in 1919, a Polish General
refused to give up the city of Vilnius. Kaunas became the capital of
Lithuania and, while Vilnius was under Polish rule, a wall was not built
separating Vilnius >from the rest of Lithuania. The Vilnius internal
passport records are located in the Central Archive in Vilnius and are all
written in Polish. Even though Vilnius was under Polish rule, the archive
where the records were kept remained in Vilnius. The only major change
I am aware of, the records were written in Polish instead of in Lithuanian.

Another example are the Vilnius vital records, 1922-1940. They are all
written in Polish with the exception of 1940 which were written in Russian.
The Soviets took over Lithuania in 1940 and gave Vilnius back to Lithuania.
Basically, the only change that occurred was the vital records were written
in Russian instead of Polish.

Howard Margol
Atlanta, Georgia

----->from Original Message by Howard Margol-----

If they lived in Vilnius between 1919-1940, they had to have an internal
passport. The files contain approximately 45,000 Jewish Vilnius internal
passport applications as well as many additional documents of various types
in the individual files. So far, 10,423 of the Vilnius records have been
translated and work is continuing to translate the remainder.

To see information about the Vilnius internal passports, go to

Also on the site you will see a sample of some of the various surnames
included in the Vilnius internal passport records, including the maiden
of the married females. This is only a small sample taken >from the total
Vilnius internal passports that have been translated.

To access the Vilnius translated internal passport records, a $100
contribution to Litvak SIG is required and it is good for a period of 5
years. Go to Scroll down to Special Projects
and select internal passports. In the NOTES block,
key in Vilnius. You can use your credit card as the site is secure.

Howard Margol
Litvak SIG Coordinator for records acquisition.

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