Ukraine SIG #Ukraine Re: Tomashpol #ukraine


NFatouros@...
 

On July 2, 04 Norman Simms asked about Tomashpol, which he believes was a
suburb of Odessa. So far as I know, it was not not a suburb of Odessa. Its
connection to Odessa was through a railroad which ran >from Vinnitsa in Podolia to
Odessa.

Chester G. Cohen's "Shtetl Finder Gazetteer" says that Tomashpol was north
of Odessa and south of Vinnitsa. He notes that in 1884 the newspaper
"Hamelitz"published an article by Mosha Baran which concerned the eviction of the Jews
from the nearby village of Verbka. Hamelitz also published writings by Moshe
Zlotkin a correspondent. Tomashpol was the birthplace of Alexander Portnoff
who became a sculptor and painter in Philadelphia

A description of Tomashpol can be found in an essay on Podolian Shtetl
architecture, by Alla Sokolova in Gennady Estraikh and Mikhail Krutikov, eds. "The
Shtetl: Image and Reality," Papers of the Second Mendel Friedman
International Conference on Yiddis, European Homanities Reseach Center, University of
Oxford.2000. This book can be purchased used or new online and should be
available in situ or through an interlibrary book loan program at any good University
or Public library.

According to the Sokolova essay, the town was bordered by a small stream to
the west, and by the river Ruzny on the south. It had three main streets
which went >from the small square near a bridge. Its large synagogue was built
during the late eighteenth century. Three synagogues buildings. destroyed during
WWII, were in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century were located in
the terraces of common houses. The Roman Catholic Church stood on a high
plateau.

Sokolova writes that she was told by a Tomashpol resident that there was a
tradition of celebrating the Sukkoth on the loggias on the pediments of houses
with two-pitch gable roofs.

Page 67 of this book has an indistinct plan of Tomashpol showing the
location of its houses, its oldest stone synagogue and of a mikvah. It also shows
the "newer" synagogues, Russian Orthodox Churches, the Jewish cemetery and the
Roman Catholic Church.

A "google" search turned up several URLs, one of the Weisenthal Center,
which describes Tomashpol's Holocaust experience and another which says that the
famous sugar magnates Brodsky had a factory in Tomashpol.

My old Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer notes only that the town was noted for
sugar refining.

Miriam Weiner's "Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova" says that some
Tomashpol army, census, death, marriage and notary records are located in Kamenetz
Podolsky warehoused archives. But she reported that parts of this archive
collection were damaged or lost during a fire in April 2003. What can be
restored and saved will be sent to the Khmelnitsky archives but, unless I am
mistaken, to date, Ms. Weiner has not learned and reported just what items were
salvaged nor when they will be available to look through.

(I wonder whether Norman Simms is the same Norman Simms of Waikato
University of New Zealand, with whom I correponded a couple of years ago.)

Naomi Fatouros (nee FELDMAN)
Bloomington, Indiana
NFatouros@aol.com
BELKOWSKY,BIELKOWSKY, BILKOWSKI, Odessa,St. Petersburg,Berdichev,
Kiev;ROTHSTEIN, Kremenchug;FRASCH,Kiev;LIBERMAN,Moscow;FELDMAN, Pinsk;
SCHUTZ, RETTIG, WAHL, Shcherets;LEVY, WEIL, Mulhouse; SAS/SASS,Podwolochisk;
RAPOPORT, Tarnopol, Podwolochisk, RADOMYSL?; BEHAM, Salok, Kharkov;
WOLPIANSKY, Ostryna.

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