Shlomo Yaakov Rapaport
My Grandfather and his entire family came about 1903-1906 >from Nizhyn
which was close to Kiev/
Just some basic information:
The earliest known references to the location go back to 1147, when
it was briefly mentioned as Unenezh. In the times of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth, Nizhyn was granted Magdeburg rights (1625) as a self-governing
town. Nizhyn was once a major center of Hasidic Judaism and is the site of
the Ohel (tomb) of the Hasidic master, Rabbi Dovber Schneuri of Chabad-
Lubavitch. It was also the seat of a major Cossackregiment (until 1782)
and of the thriving Greek community, which enjoyed a number
of privileges granted by Bogdan Khmelnytsky.
In the 19th century Nizhyn became an uyezd capital of the Chernigov
Governorate and the biggest city in the guberniya. In 1805, the Bezborodko
Lyceum was established there; its graduates include Nikolai Gogol, whose
statue graces one of city streets. Nizhyn has also long been noted for
its famous cucumbers.
During World War II, Nizhyn was occupied by the German Army >from 13
September 1941 to 15 September 1943.
Jews first settled in Nizhyn at the beginning of the 19th century after
the partition of Poland. The town grew to become a center for the Habad
Hasidim of Ukraine. By 1847, 1,299 Jews had registered as residents. In
1897, 24% of the population, or 7,361 residents, were Jewish.
A wave of pogroms severely affected the Jewish population in 1881 and 1905.
During their retreat >from the Germans in the spring of 1918, the Red Army
carried out additional pogroms. During World War II, the region was
occupied by Germany, who exterminated all Jews in the area. Only those
who escaped survived.
In 1959, 1,400 Jews lived in Nizhyn, about 3% of the town's population.
In 2005, Nizhyn population reached 80,000. Only about 300 Jewish families
lived in the city.
My grandfather also was a member of a burial society for landsman I can
assume >from Nizhyn but I don't know.
I am very interested in getting to talk to someone's whose relatives came
from about that period of time or has information how to research thatperiod of time!!
Shlomo Yaakov Rapaport
Researching ROKEACH + BERZ + RITEVSKY/ Vilkaviskis + Vistinetz-Lithuania
FINK + TICKOCINSKI/Lithuania and Sejny Suwalki Poland and Bialystok
LOEWENTHAL/Vistinetz, Germany + Lithuania
RUSLANDER + GLASHENDLER/ Lithuania and Suwalki
FEINSOD + FINE/ Kuznica
RAPAPORT + RAPPAPORT + RAPNOSKY + KAMINSKY+ COHEN/ Nizhyn Ukraine