Ukraine SIG #Ukraine Re: What differences are there in history of Jews in Ukraine vs Russia? #ukraine

davidnsandler@...
 

Hi Carolyn, there was no Ukraine in 1900. Ukraine became independent
briefly after 1918 for a few years, until it was incorporated into the
new Soviet Union. Family was correct, they were subjects of Nicholas 2,
Czar of all the Russias. As for what life was like for Jews in Imperial
Russia, there are numerous books covering the period 1772-1918, and Jews
ran the gamut of all types and persuasions. By 1900 their general
standard of living had deteriorated and most lived in poverty in the
Pale. There were exceptions though, some Jews were wealthy merchants
and industrialists, others spoke German or Russian at home rather than
Yiddish. All modern scholars agree that the picture painted by Fiddler
showed only a part of the Jewish experience, which was much more varied.

Good luck, Dave Sandler

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