Re: Buying false papers
Barbara Mannlein <bsmannlein@...>
Sally Bruckheimer is correct.
Names were NEVER changed at Ellis Island or any entry point. Passenger manifests were created from the ticket registers containing the names used when tickets were bought. Names were checked off as passengers boarded. The departure manifest was then given to the Ellis Island officials who used it to create the arrival manifests copying **exactly** what was on the departure manifest. Each passenger WORE A TAG giving his ship's name, manifest page # and line # (and hence his name). All the clerks did was to check the name off a manifest. The clerks did not write anything down at Ellis, they simply checked off the manifest.
It wasn't like a bus full of strangers arrived and officials asked what their name was. There was already a paper trail. EI clerks spoke 2-3 languages each. There was no reason to ask questions in English.
As researcher Sharon Roth pointed out previously, "if the Starbucks barista spells your name wrong on the cup, they aren't forcing a "name change" on you, since there is no mechanism of enforcement."
1. "Ellis Island Isn’t to Blame for Your Family’s Name Change"
2. "They Changed Our Name at Ellis Island"
3. "The Myth of Ellis Island and Other Tales of Origin"
4. "American Names / Declaring Independence"
by Marian Smith, Immigration & Nationalization Svc Historian
5. "Why Your Family Name Was Not Changed at Ellis Island…. "
6. "Why Your Family Name Was Not Changed at Ellis Island"
7. "The Ellis Island Name Change Myth"
8. "Jewish Americans changed their names, but not at Ellis Island"
9. "Just How Were Passenger Manifests Created?" (2009)
[senior INS archivist Marion Smith, British genealogists Saul Issrof and Nick Evans.]
10... From the US GOVT: (2013)
“Immigrant Name Changes”