Re: Tracking a passenger across the Atlantic through England

Jill Whitehead

There were various different ports on both the East Coast of the UK and West Coast that were engaged in either North Sea/Baltic or Atlantic shipping respectively. We have already mentioned Hull and Grimsby, which were either side of the Humber estuary on the borders of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.  But there was also Leith, which is still the port for Edinburgh in Scotland. My Brown (formerly Brin) family of Edinburgh travelled from Vishtinetz in Suwalki Gubernia (now Vistytis in Lithuania) to Leith via Sweden (so the family history goes). And some of my lines married other Landsmen who had family who stayed in Sweden, and I link up via DNA with one such family, who came via Hull to Manchester, but had some family who stayed in Sweden. Of my family (who all came from the Suwalki Lomza gubernias in the 1860's and 1870's), one line came direct to Hull and stayed there, one went from Hull to Liverpool (probably with the intention of going to USA but they stayed in Liverpool), one went from Hull to Manchester via Liverpool, and the 4th line went to Leith and then Edinburgh. The Maritime Museums in both Hull and Liverpool are other useful sources of information on emigration and shipping. 

On the West Coast, Liverpool and Glasgow were the main ports, and they went to a variety of different US and Canadian destinations including New York, Boston and Halifax, Nova Scotia. A variety of German, Dutch and Swedish ports were used to travel across the Baltic and North Sea, including Hamburg, Libau, Konigsberg, Rotterdam, Stockholm and others. The reference to Hull Amerika will be to the boat line which used the Hamburg-Hull-Liverpool-USA route.
There were a number of competing lines/routes, especially when steam ships/faster stream ships came in. Hull University is the place that has documented the lines/routes.

Jill Whitehead, Surrey, UK

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