Logistics of emigration from Pale of Settlement to America #poland #lithuania


My paternal great-grandparents all came from Suwalki Gubernia, now split between Poland and Lithuania.  I'm interested in reading about how during the 1885-1900 period (a) relatives in the US sent money and tickets to those wanting to come to USA  (b) how they traveled to the ports given that for many Jews, travel was restricted, (c) what documentation was required to cross borders and to board the ship, (d) how easy it was to falsify surnames or change surnames during the process, (e) how they navigated from entry (usually New York) to final destination without speaking English or knowing how things work in the US.  Would greatly appreciate seeing links to articles on these topics. Thanks.

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