Re: "His name was changed at Ellis Island" #names

EdrieAnne Broughton
 

I think the place the name was changed was at the port of embarkation, like Hamburg or Cherbourg.  The story devolved into Ellis Island because that was the universal place that most remembered.  It was used even by immigrants who landed earlier than Ellis island opened...like Castle Garden.  The story is too common for it not to have happened somewhere and those ship's manifests I've read online are handwritten (scrawled) then folded and unfolded, got wet until it was quite a feat for the immigration at intake to read at all.  Mistakes were made, people traveled under false papers.
 
Does anyone know if patronyms were accepted for surnames?  I have a brother-in-law whose great grandfather (and all his brothers) adopted Holmer as a surname (and they did it as they embarked in Europe) rather than the name they were born with which had two umlauted ohs and a couple of other vowels.  
 
EdrieAnne Broughton
Vacaville, California 

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