There are databases on-line of incoming passenger manifests for many U.S. ports.
A manifest from 1882 will likely have no other info than a person's name and name of country of origin. Although, it did vary by shipping line.
Later manifests contain much broader info, as manifest data was mandated by the U.S.
Here are some sites to try searching:
A great site with many helpful databases.
A site with a large number of genealogical databases, including passenger manifests.