Sally Bruckheimer <sallybruc@...>
"I cannot imagine sending him across the world never to be seen or spoken with again. I conclude that her love for her son was greater than her self-interest."
Childhood, it has been said, is a product of 20th century USA. Our ancestors, as young people, were expected to do chores, work jobs, and take care of themselves. One of my ggrandmothers came to the US alone, at age 11, after her mother died and her father remarried. She was marked as '8 and under' on the passenger list, probably a lower price for kids.
And the story of the pogrom repeats. The first of my Russian family to emigrate killed a Cossack who was raping his sister, according to cousins of mine. It was 1867, right around the time of the rebellion / cholera epidemic / famine in Russian Poland.