Re: Kalwaria, Poland #poland #general


Jill Whitehead
 

Kalwaria was part of Suwalki Gubernia in NE Poland until the WW1 Peace Settlement in 1919 when it went into Lithuania. This area was on the front line in both WW1 and WW2. Most emigrees left early because they were close to the Baltic. All my great grandparents left this area between 1865 and 1875 to go to the UK, following the 1863 Uprising, and enforced conscription of young men into the Tsar's Army. This early migration meant there were not many people left compared to before, and I should imagine the "degrading" may refer to that.

Jill Whitehead, Surrey, UK

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