Expulsion and massacre of the Jews in the Rhineland before the First Crusade #general

Marilyn Levinson

Dear researchers,
Does anyone know if there were massacres or expulsions of Jews from the Rhineland cities before the first Crusade.  I know there was always anti-Semitism but were
there more serious threats that began prior to the first crusade? Also I am trying to distinguish between massacres and expulsions.  From what little I have read the "expulsions" were considered as more humane treatment of the Jews than massacres.  So perhaps there were bloodless expulsions without bloodshed?  Could any one give me any historical examples of these events.  Thank you.
Marilyn Levinson
Spring Lake NC

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